Nikolay Gumilev

Poems by Nikolay Gumilev

Gumilev, the son of a naval physician, graduated from the Tsarskoye Selo lycee, whose principal at the time was the poet Innokenty Annensky. He studied philology at the University of St. Petersburg and in Paris from 1907 to 1914, when he also traveled widely in Italy, Africa, and the Near East. He was Anna Akhmatova’s first husband.

Gumilev led the Acmeist poets in their objection to the mysticism of the Symbolists, calling for a return to clear language and concrete imagery. In the precision of his lines we encounter classical models of the stanza. Gumilev poetry greatly influenced the early Nikolai Tikhonov and to this day serves as a school of creative craftsmanship for young writers. To some tastes, his verse seems overloaded with artificial romantic trappings; however, his best work will always remain treasures of Russian poetry, expressing a direct, virile, and heroic attitude toward life.

Gumilev fought as a volunteer in World War I and then served on the staff of the Russian Expeditionary Force in Paris. He made his way back to Russia in 1918, where he lectured widely and was invited by Maxim Gorky to work in the editorial office of the publishing house Vsemirnaya Literatura. He was elected to succeed Alexander Blok as president of the All-Russian Union of Poets, which came into being just after the Revolution.

Gumilev was shot in 1921 by the Bolsheviks on charges of counterrevolutionary conspiracy. His poetry was not published in the USSR from 1925 to 1986.

1907

1908

1910

1911

1912

1913

1915

1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

in german

Nikolai Gumiljow, gedichte (deutsch)

1907

1918

1919

in french

Nikolaï Goumilev, des poèmes (français)

1907

1917

1919

1920

in spanish

Nikolai Gumiliov, poemas (español)

1907

1911

1917

1918

1919

in bulgarian

Николай Гумильов, стихотворения (български)

1907

1911

1919

in hebrew

ניקולאי גומיליוב, שירים (עברית)

1907

in italian

Nikolaj Gumilëv, poesie (italiano)

1907

in catalan

Nikolai Gumiliov, poemes (català)

1907

in chinese

尼古拉 古米廖夫, 詩 (中文)

1907

1913

1919

in slovak

Nikolaj Gumiljov, básne (slovenský)

1907

in ukrainian

Микола Гумільов, вірші (українська)

1907

1913

1919

in croatian

Nikolaj Gumilev, pjesme (hrvatski)

1907

in esperanto

Nikolaj Gumilov, poemoj (esperanto)

1907

in estonian

Nikolai Gumiljov, luuletused (eesti)

1907

in japanese

ニコライ グミリョフ, 詩 (日本語)

1907

in new norwegian

Nikolaj Gumiljov, dikt (nynorsk)

1907

1919

in persian

نیکولای گومیلیف, اشعار (فارسی)

1907

in greek

Νικολάι Γκουμιλιόφ, ποιήματα (ελληνικά)

1907

1911

in turkish

Nikolay Gumilyov, şiirler (türkçe)

1907

in portuguese

Nikolay Gumilyov, poemas (português)

1907

in hungarian

Nyikolaj Gumiljov, versek (magyar)

1917

1919

in polish

Nikołaj Gumilow, wiersze (polski)

1913

1918

in dutch

Nikolaj Goemiljov, gedichten (nederlands)

1919

in czech

Nikolaj Gumiljov, básně (čeština)

1913

1917

1919

1920

in lithuanian

Nikolajus Gumiliovas, eilėraščiai (lietuvių)

1919

in serbian

Николај Гумиљов, песме (српски)

1919